Transparency Still Missing in the New K-12 School Funding Formula

Once again California’s new funding formula for K-12 schools — the Local Control Funding Formula (LCFF) — will be the focus of the State Board of Education (SBE) meeting tomorrow in Sacramento. As at its prior meeting in July, the SBE will review proposed changes to regulations they adopted this past January that govern LCFF spending. These include changes to what school districts must report in their Local Control and Accountability Plans, or LCAPs. All California school districts were required to adopt LCAPs by July 1 using a template the SBE approved earlier this year. In response to comments made by students, the SBE improved the LCFF regulations since its last meeting by specifically calling for greater student participation in the development of school district LCAPs. However, key issues remain, including whether school districts will be required to transparently report how much they spent to support disadvantaged students in 2013-14.

As we have blogged about previously, it is critical that the SBE adopt regulations that require school districts to clearly report a baseline spending level so that stakeholders can gauge the extent to which school districts are increasing or improving services to support disadvantaged students. While the regulations adopted by the SBE in January do require school districts to use prior-year spending on disadvantaged students as a starting point for estimating the level of support going forward, they do not require transparent reporting of this baseline level of spending. Unfortunately, the SBE rejected requests for this basic level of transparency in its most recent responses to comments submitted by education advocates.

The SBE is likely to adopt permanent regulations later this year, and those rules, as well as the LCAP template, will determine what LCFF spending school districts are required to report — and how they are required to report it — for years to come. After tomorrow’s SBE meeting, the public will have through September 22 to submit comments on proposed changes to the regulations and the LCAP template. All concerned about transparency in LCFF spending should use that period to engage in the process and let their voices be heard.

— Jonathan Kaplan